What is quinoa? A lot of people are still in the dark about this nutrient dense superfood and have no idea how or when to use it. It is, however, way more versatile than you might think and can be added happily to both sweet and savoury dishes as either a side, or the star of the show. Yes, that’s the beauty of this wonderful superfood seed, and in this post I will explain its truly astounding health benefits and nutritional profile.
Quinoa is presumed by most to be a grain, but is in fact actually a seed from a flowering plant in the amaranth family. The very fact that it’s a seed makes it much healthier and more digestible to eat, and given the fact that it can easily be used in place of your normal higher carb, lower nutrient grains, makes it also a great metabolism boosting food.
Quinoa: The ancient grain
This awesome seed has been used since ancient times and was eaten by the Incas who powered themselves on it whilst building the pyramids. This would have certainly been no mean feat requiring huge amounts of muscle power and energy, which they derived mainly from quinoa. So take heed muscle builders of the world, as this little seed not only packs a powerful amino acid punch, but is actually a ‘complete’ protein on its own right – no meat required!
Is quinoa better for you than rice?
Most definitely a YES: Not only is it more nutritionally dense than rice (even wholegrain rice), it also is MUCH higher in protein and nutrition in general. In fact, it is better for you nutritionally than any other grain that you may wish to swap it with, and you can eat it everyday in place of any of your usual carbohydrates of rice, pasta, couscous, bulgar wheat, and white potatoes. It is super versatile, has a neutral flavour, and easily soaks up the flavours of other foods, making it perfect to add to soups, casseroles, salads, or pretty much anything you fancy.
I eat it in the morning in one of my favorite quinoa breakfast bowls and it really helps give me a boost of brain powder and energy for the day, just like the Incas.
The most common types of quinoa come in the white, red or black variety. The white tends to go well as a replacement for rice as it more readily absorbs flavours, but the others hold their texture and shape well and are better in cold salads or dishes where you need some texture and bite. It’s also a good idea to mix them together so you get the whole range of nutrients and textures, and some are already packaged like this and are known as tri coloured quinoa.
QUINOA NUTRITIONAL PROFILE
Quinoa’s carbohydrate content comes in at about mid range, but this is no reason to exclude it from a general low carb diet as it also offers many benefits that other carbohydrates don’t, such as a high protein content and LOTS of nutrients, including fiber, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, lysine, iron, and a range of B vitamins.
Nutritional value of 1 cup of cooked quinoa (185G):
- Manganese – 58% RDA
- Magnesium – 30% RDA
- Phosphorus – 28% RDA
- Folate – 19% RDA
- Copper – 18% RDA
- Iron – 15% RDA
- Zinc – 13% RDA
- Potassium – 9% RDA
- PROTEIN – 8 GRAMS
- FIBER– 5 GRAMS
- OMEGA 3 FATTY ACID’S
Quinoa Health Benefits
1. COMPLETE AMINO ACID PROFILE
Quinoa is high in protein and the only known plant food to contain ALL the essential amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein, and crucial to good health in general. This makes it not only perfect for vegetarians and vegans, but also a fantastic food for those in training who are wishing to use plant proteins to build lean muscle mass without the use of too many acid forming animal
2. GLUTEN FREE
Using quinoa instead of the usual gluten free products such as potato, corn, rice, and tapioca flour is a lot healthier as it has a far superior antioxidant and nutrient content. Obviously, the others have their place, if not just for variety, but you really should try to add quinoa as much as possible if you want superior health and strength.
And don’t forget that a good deal of gluten free products are actually far from healthy, especially things like breads, biscuits, cakes and all those other naughty but nice junk foods. These are laden with sugar, unhealthy fats, and often nasty chemicals and additives to help aid with texture, taste, and preservation. Yuck!
3. CONTAINS PLANT FLAVENOLS
There are literally thousands of trace nutrients in quinoa, consisting of many that we are not familiar with or have even heard of. The two particular antioxidants that quinoa is abundant in are quercetin and kaempferol. These have been widely studied in animals and have been found to be anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, anti-cancer, and anti-depressant.
This is interesting, because the main ways to alleviate depression and anxiety is to eat a low GI diet high in antioxidants and omega 3’s, and quinoa happens to have ALL of these benefits rolled into one. So Eating quinoa has got to be a no-brainer if you want to feel happier, calmer, and generally more zen.
4. SOURCE OF FIBER
Quinoa has more fiber than other grains, which is yet another reason (as if you needed any more) why it is so healthful. Fiber is needed to lower a food’s GI and ensure a slow release of energy, but it also lowers cholesterol, fills you up, and stops you from snacking in-between meals, which of course means extra fat burning, weight loss, and weight maintenance.
Fiber also plays a huge role in digestive tract health and helps keep you regular, which in turn helps to keep your body detoxified and YOU firing on all cylinders with high energy and vitality. And let’s not forget the beautiful glowing complexion you will have when your are detoxifying adequately as fiber literally drags impurities out of your system through the digestive tract.
5. LOW GLYCEMIC INDEX
All of these extra nutrients and protein help to slow down the rate in which quinoa’s carbohydrates hit the bloodstream, thus making it a low GI food. GI (glycemic index) is the measurement of how fast the sugar’s in a food hit into the bloodstream to be used for energy – and the slower the better when it comes to health.
This is because high GI foods cause a much stronger insulin response from the pancreas, which in turn can lead to those sugars be stored away as dangerous belly fat, whereas low GI foods offer a slow release of sugars that will be more readily burnt off as energy. This is definitely something to consider when choosing your carbohydrates for your meals, especially if you are prone to gaining weight easily.
Low GI Carbs for weight loss
Instead of eating bread, rice, pasta, couscous, white potatoes, and other high carb foods, you should try to use not only quinoa, but also lentils, beans, chickpeas, millet, oats, pulses, amaranth, and buckwheat. These are all lower GI, complex carbohydrates that will leave you feeling less bloated and with more energy, plus they are far more nutritionally superior to high GI junk foods.
How to cook quinoa
Cooking quinoa is pretty easy, and no more fuss than cooking any other grain or pasta. Just boil in a little salted water if you want it straight up; or I personally prefer to cook it with a stock cube for flavour. If you decide to do it this way, then only use as much water as you need to cook the quinoa in and no more, you can then add more water in if needed as you go along. This way you won’t throw away any water at the end losing all the flavours you have added; OR alternatively you could add spices of your choice afterwards.
Quinoa should be either soaked for a few hours first to get rid of impurities, or washed thoroughly before use. This Youtube video will give you some other ways to prepare your quinoa so you can always keep it fresh and exiting.
If you have any other suggestions on how to prepare or use this mighty seed then please feel free to share your thoughts below. I would love to hear your thoughts and will get back to you ASAP. Thanks, and happy quinoa cooking!